三難問題 (Trilemma)

此理論出自於 Mere Christianity, C.S. Lewis,原文節錄如下:

A man who was merely a man and said the sort of thing Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic -- on a level with the man who says he is a poached egg -- or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or something worse. You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill him as a demon or you can fall at his feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to.

中文翻譯如下:

若耶穌只是一個人,而說了祂所說的那些話,那麼他不能使自己成為一個偉大的道德教師。他若不是個瘋子(像說自己是個荷包蛋一樣無理性),就是地獄的魔鬼。你一定要作出決定。他要不是神的兒子,就是一個瘋子,或更邪惡的東西。你可當祂是個傻子,鎖著祂;不然你就是跪在祂面前承認祂是主和你的神。但千萬別自以為是,長自己志氣,護長護短地把他當成只是一位人間偉大的教師。他沒有留下絲毫可以讓我們這樣說他的餘地,他也沒有做偉大道德教師的打算。

一般被解讀為:

耶穌宣稱自己是神。那只有以下三個可能性:

(1) 祂是神;
(2) 祂是騙子;
(3) 祂是瘋子

如果他是一個騙子,為什麼他為此而死?他完全可以用幾句話就會避免這樣殘酷的死刑。如果他是一個瘋子,他怎麼會和他的對手進行如此理智的辯論?怎麼會應付背叛和受死的痛苦,而同時繼續深愛著他的仇敵?所以,他真的是神。

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